Beyond the Yellow Highlighter - Teach annotation skills to improve reading comprehension.
I’ll Have Mine Annotated, Please: Helping Students Make Connections with Texts - Encourage students to consider how active interaction between reader and text is vital to their understanding.
Teaching Student Annotation: Constructing Meaning Through Connections - Teach students about the purposes and techniques of annotation by examining text closely and critically.
Ask Read Tell (ART) - Explains three crucial phases that improve comprehension.
Directed Reading Thinking Activity (DRTA) - Guides students in asking questions about a text, making predictions, and then reading to confirm or refute their predictions.
Question-Answer Relationship (QAR) - Teach students how to ask questions about their reading and where to find the answers to them.
Reading Comprehension: Retain Text Information With Paraphrasing (RAP) - Teach students who fail to retain important details from their reading a self-directed paraphrasing strategy.
Reading for Meaning - Help all readers build the skills that proficient readers use to make sense of challenging texts.
THIEVES Preview Strategy, Grades 6-8 - Use this strategy to guide students through a preview of a nonfiction text.
Tracking Your Thinking Form - Find a tool to help students track their thinking throughout a book.
Graphic Organizers - Use this list of organizers that align with specific CCSS Reading Standards, as a starting point for choosing the best tool to help students think through the Standards.
It Says, I Say, And So - Use a during- and after-reading tool to help students get beyond just “finding” information in a text.
AVID Cornell Notes - Teach students strategic two-column note-taking:
Get the GIST - Utilize a summarizing activity for any content area.
Short Writing Often: Not Just Long Writing Seldom - Provides summary, compare/contrast, and comprehension and reflection strategies for writing practice and comprehension. See a video of a presentation on the resource.
Adlit.org: Classroom Strategies Library - Find a library of before, during, and after reading activities to integrate into explicit strategy instruction.
Effective Instruction for Adolescent Struggling Readers - Provides background knowledge about best practices for older students, Grades 4-12, who struggle to read.
Reciprocal Teaching - Use an activity in which students become the teacher in small group reading sessions using four strategies: summarizing, question generating, clarifying, and predicting.
Teacher Read-Aloud That Models Reading for Deep Understanding - Focuses on the gradual release of responsibility as teachers demonstrate for students the ways the reading process works.
Using Paired Reading to Increase Fluency and Peer Cooperation - Encourage students to read aloud to each other, pairing more fluent readers with less fluent readers.
What Works Clearinghouse Practice Guide: Improving Adolescent Literacy - Effective Classroom and Intervention Practices - Presents recommendations to help students gain more from their reading tasks, improve motivation for and engagement in the learning process, and assist struggling readers.
Word Generation - Builds reading comprehension by providing students with engaging texts incorporating academic vocabulary, opportunities for discussion and debate, and weekly expository writing.
Achieve the Core’s Fluency Packets - Utilize sets of materials uniquely designed to address the skills needed to read fluently in Grades 3-12. Read three short Aligned blog posts, which provide a foundational understanding of fluency.
Question the Author Strategy (Grades 3-12) - Requires students to challenge their understanding and solidify their knowledge while reading a text.
Questioning to Promote Learning - Create a classroom environment that encourages critical thinking through model formulating and responding to higher-order questions.
Teaching Students to Ask Their Own Questions - Provides a simple, yet powerful way to get students asking their own questions and building off their peers’ questions.
Teaching Cognitive Strategies
Teach the Seven Strategies of Highly Effective Readers - Includes definitions of the strategies and a lesson plan template for teaching each one.
Teaching Complex Texts
Guide Students Through Complex Text Effective Scaffolding - Choose scaffolds that meet the needs of students as they navigate text complexity.
Supporting Students in Close Reading - This resource is one in a series produced by the Center for Standards and Assessment Implementation (CSAI) and guides teachers in the process of instructional planning for close reading with students.
Teach Content-Rich Nonfiction and Informational Texts - Find resources and lesson plans on text complexity and teaching with nonfiction and informational texts.
Teaching and Assessing Understanding of Text Structures Across Grades - Provides a research synthesis shedding light on the impact of different text structures on overall text complexity.
Improving Adolescent Literacy: Effective Classroom and Intervention Practices - Presents strategies that classroom teachers and specialists can use to increase the reading ability of adolescent students.
Reading Next: A Vision for Action and Research in Middle and High School Literacy - Offers research-based as well as practice-based knowledge to promote ongoing literacy development.
Achieve the Core’s Academic Word Finder - Utilize a tool specifically designed to surface the high-value words from complex texts.
7 Actions that Teachers Can Take Right Now: Text Complexity - Discover actions teachers can take to support their students on the staircase of text complexity.
The Lexile Framework for Reading - Access tools to match readers with appropriate texts.
National Council of Teachers of English - Find lesson plans and resources on text complexity.
Navigating Text Complexity - Provides a curated collection of text complexity resources, tools and research.
Text Complexity - Access tools and research to support teachers' understanding of text complexity.
ELA Literacy/Text-Dependent Questions - Find tools to help write and evaluate text dependent questions.
QAR Questions and Answers by Type - Use this guide when planning and teaching students the Question-Answer Relationship (QAR).
ReadWorks: Passages and Text-Dependent Questions (Grades 3-12) - Create a free account to access passages and text-dependent questions.
Text-Dependent Analysis Toolkit - Offers a series of video modules to assist educators in understanding and deepening their knowledge of text-dependent analysis questions.
Thoughtful Threads: Spark Rich Online Discussions - Provide students opportunities to discuss a literary work using online literature circles.
Achieve the Core - Utilize resources to supplement a curriculum with knowledge building text sets, including information on creating a text set.
Creating Text Sets for Whole-Class Instruction - Find guidance on the development of high-quality text sets.
Newsela - Discover a tool for providing nonfiction texts at multiple tiers.
Websites for Locating Books to Create Text Sets:
- American Library Association Book and Media Awards
- Cooperative Children's Book Center (CCBC) - Recommended Book Search
- National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) Orbis Pictus Award
- National Council of Teachers of Social Studies (NCSS) Notable Trade Books
- National Science Teacher Association (NSTA) Outstanding Trade Books
- The Reading and Writing Project: Nonfiction Text Sets
- School Library Journal