In fourth grade, students focus on how society has changed and stayed the same over time. Students see how change is inevitable and the patterns and consequences of change across different historical eras.
Inquiry Anchor Standard
Constructing Compelling Questions
SS.4.1. Explain how a compelling question represents key ideas in the field.
Constructing Supporting Questions
SS.4.2. Use supporting questions to help answer the compelling question in an inquiry.
Developing Claims and Using Evidence
SS.4.3. Cite evidence that supports a response to supporting or compelling questions.
Communicating and Critiquing Conclusions
SS.4.4. Construct responses to compelling questions using reasoning, examples, and relevant details.
Taking Informed Action
SS.4.5. Identify challenges and opportunities when taking action to address problems, including predicting possible results.
SS.4.6. Use a range of deliberative and democratic procedures to make decisions about and act on civic problems in their classrooms.
Content Anchor Standard
Recognize the Interaction Between the Individual and Various Groups
SS.4.7. Explain causes of conflict or collaboration among different social groups.
Apply Civic Virtues and Democratic Principles
SS.4.8. Evaluate how civic virtues and democratic principles have guided or do guide governments, societies, and/or communities.
Interpret Processes, Rules and Laws
SS.4.9. Explain how the enforcement of a specific ruling or law changed society.
SS.4.10. Describe how societies have changed in the past and continue to change.
Engage in Economic Decision Making
SS.4.11. Describe how scarcity requires a person to make a choice and identify costs associated with that choice.
Critique Exchange and Markets
SS.4.12. Using historical and/or local examples, explain how competition has influenced the production of goods and services.
SS.4.13. Compare and contrast different ways that the government interacts with the economy.
Evaluate the National Economy
SS.4.14. Explain the reasons why the costs of goods and services rise and fall.
Create a Saving and Spending Plan
SS.4.15. Identify factors that can influence people’s different spending and saving choices.
Measure Risk Management Tools
SS.4.16. Determine the consequences of sharing personal information with others.
Create Geographic Representations
SS.4.17. Create a geographic representation to illustrate how the natural resources in an area affect the decisions people make.
Evaluate Human Environment Interaction
SS.4.18. Describe how environmental and cultural characteristics influence population distribution in specific places or regions.
Analyze Human Population Movement and Patterns
SS.4.19. Explain influences on the development and decline of different modes of transportation in U.S. regions.
Analyze Change, Continuity, and Context
SS.4.20. Compare and contrast events that happened at the same time.
SS.4.21. Analyze conflicting perspectives on historical and current events/issues.
Critique Historical Sources and Evidence
SS.4.22. Infer the purpose of a primary source and from that the intended audience.
Justify Causation and Argumentation
SS.4.23. Explain probable causes and effects of events and developments.
SS.4.24. Develop a claim about the past and cite evidence to support it.
SS.4.25. Analyze the impact of technological changes in Iowa, across time and place.
SS.4.26. Explain how Iowa’s agriculture has changed over time.