Skip to main content
Official State of Iowa Website Here is how you know

Grades 9-10 | Literacy (Essential Elements)


Note: The Iowa Core Essential Elements are intended only for students with significant cognitive disabilities and who participate in alternate assessments.

Reading Standards for Literature

Key Ideas and Details

  1. Determine which citations demonstrate what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. (EE.RL.9-10.1)
  2. Recount events related to the theme or central idea, including details about character and setting. (EE.RL.9-10.2)
  3. Determine how characters change or develop over the course of a text. (EE.RL.9-10.3)

Craft and Structure

  1. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including idioms, analogies, and figures of speech. (EE.RL.9-10.4)
  2. Identify where a text deviates from a chronological presentation of events. (EE.RL.9-10.5)
  3. Determine a point of view or cultural experience in a work of literature from outside the United States and compare it with own point of view or experience. (EE.RL.9-10.6)

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  1. Compare the representation of a subject or topic in two different artistic mediums (e.g., poetry and illustration). (EE.RL.9-10.7)
  2. (Not applicable to literature) (EE.RL.9-10.8)
  3. Identify when an author draws upon or references a different text. (EE.RL.9-10.9)

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

  1. Demonstrate understanding of a text while actively engaged in reading or listening to stories, dramas, or poems. (EE.RL.9-10.10)

Reading Standards for Informational Text

Key Ideas and Details

  1. Determine which citations demonstrate what the text says explicitly as well as inferentially. (EE.RI.9-10.1)
  2. Determine the central idea of the text and select details to support it. (EE.RI.9-10.2)
  3. Determine logical connections between individuals, ideas, or events in a text. (EE.RI.9-10.3)

Craft and Structure

  1. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in text, including common idioms, analogies, and figures of speech. (EE.RI.9-10.4)
  2. Locate sentences that support an author’s central idea or claim. (EE.RI.9-10.5)
  3. Determine author’s point of view and compare with own point of view. (EE.RI.9-10.6)

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  1. Analyze two accounts of a subject told in different mediums to determine how they are the same and different. (EE.RI.9-10.7)
  2. Determine how the specific claims support the argument made in an informational text. (EE.RI.9-10.8)
  3. Make connections between texts with related themes and concepts. (EE.RI.9-10.9)

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

  1. Demonstrate understanding while actively engaged in reading or listening to literary nonfiction. (EE.RI.9-10.10)

Writing Standards

Text Types and Purposes

  1. Write claims about topics or texts.
    1. Introduce a topic or text and write one claim and one counterclaim about it.
    2. Not applicable.
    3. Not applicable.
    4. Not applicable.
    5. Not applicable. (EE.W.9-10.1)
  2. Write to share information supported by details.
    1. Introduce a topic clearly and use a clear organization to write about it including visual, tactual, or multimedia information as appropriate.
    2. Develop the topic with facts or details.
    3. Use complete, simple sentences as appropriate.
    4. Use domain specific vocabulary when writing claims related to a topic of study or text.
    5. Not applicable.
    6. Providing a closing or concluding statement. (EE.W.9-10.2)
  3. Write about events or personal experiences.
    1. Write a narrative about a problem, situation, or observation including at least one character, details, and clearly sequenced events.
    2. Not applicable.
    3. Organize the events in the narrative using temporal words to signal order as appropriate.
    4. Use descriptive words and phrases to convey a vivid picture of experiences, events, setting, or characters.
    5. Provide a closing. (EE.W.9-10.3)

Production and Distribution of Writing

  1. Produce writing that is appropriate for the task, purpose, and audience. (EE.W.9-10.4)
  2. Develop writing by planning and revising own writing. (EE.W.9-10.5)
  3. Use technology, including the Internet, to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products. (EE.W.9-10.6)

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

  1. Conduct research projects to answer questions posed by self and others using multiple sources of information. (EE.W.9-10.7)
  2. Write answers to research questions by selecting relevant information from multiple resources. (EE.W.9-10.8)
  3. Use information from literary and informational text to support writing.
    1. Apply Essential Elements of Grade 9-10 Reading Standards to literature (e.g., “Identify when an author has drawn upon or included references to another text.”).
    2. Apply Essential Elements of Grade 9-10 Reading Standards to informational texts (e.g., “Use sound reasons for supporting the claims and argument.”). (EE.W.9-10.9)

Range of Writing

  1. Write routinely over time for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences. (EE.W.9-10.10)

Speaking and Listening Standards

Comprehension and Collaboration

  1. Engage in collaborative discussions.
    1. Prepare for discussions by collecting information on the topic.
    2. Work with adults and peers to set rules for discussions.
    3. Relate the topic of discussion to broader themes or ideas.
    4. Indicate agreement or disagreement with others during discussions. (EE.SL.9-10.1)
  2. Determine the credibility of information presented in diverse media or formats. (EE.SL.9-10.2)
  3. Determine the speaker's point of view on a topic. (EE.SL.9-10.3)

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

  1. Present an argument on a topic with logically organized claims, reasons, and evidence. (EE.SL.9-10.4)
  2. Use digital media (e.g., textual, graphical, audio, visual, and interactive elements) in presentations to support understanding. (EE.SL.9-10.5)
  3. Adapt communication to a variety of contexts and tasks using complete sentences when indicated or appropriate. (EE.SL.9-10.6)

Language Standards

Conventions of Standard English

  1. Demonstrate standard English grammar and usage when communicating.
    1. Not applicable.
    2. Use a variety of parts of speech (nouns, verbs, pronouns, adjectives, and prepositions) in writing or communication to convey information. (EE.L.9-10.1)
  2. Demonstrate understanding of conventions of standard English.
    1. Use a comma and conjunction to combine two simple sentences.
    2. Not applicable.
    3. Spell most single-syllable words correctly and apply knowledge of word chunks in spelling longer words. (EE.L.9-10.2)

Knowledge of Language

  1. Use language to achieve desired outcomes when communicating.
    1. Vary syntax when writing and communicating. (EE.L.9-10.3)

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

  1. Demonstrate knowledge of word meanings.
    1. Use context to determine the meaning of unknown.
    2. Identify and use root words and the words that result when affixes are added or removed.
    3. Consult reference materials (dictionaries, online vocabulary supports) to clarify the meaning of unfamiliar words encountered when reading.
    4. Not applicable. (EE.L.9-10.4)
  2. Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and use.
    1. Interpret common figures of speech.
    2. Determine the intended meaning of multiple meaning words. (EE.L.9-10.5)
  3. Use general academic and domain-specific words and phrases across contexts. (EE.L.9-10.6)