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As the nation’s leading federally funded early learning program, Head Start serves children and families in every state and congressional district in the country with a consistently high level of quality. However, Head Start’s role in each state differs greatly based on local systems and models.
Purpose: The purpose of Head Start programs is to promote the school readiness of children ages 3 to 5 years. Most of these programs are based in centers. In other programs, children and families may receive services from educators and family service staff who regularly make home visits.
Families: Families are valued by Head Start as the first and most important teacher for their child. Programs build relationships with families that support positive parent-child relationships, family well-being, and connections to peers and community. Additionally, Head Start services are designed to be responsive to each child and family's ethnic, cultural, and linguistic background. Parents can participate in leadership roles, including families having a say in program operations.
Accessibility: Head Start is accessible at no cost to children ages birth to age 5 for low-income families. Families and children experiencing homelessness, and children in the foster care system are also eligible as well as children with disabilities and special needs. Specific eligibility criteria are determined by grantees.
Funding: Federally funded and locally operated programs that support the development of the whole child through comprehensive services and parent involvement. Services in such areas as Education, Health and Nutrition, Family and Social Services.
History: Head Start started in 1965 as a summer program designed to break the cycle of poverty by providing preschool to children of low-income families with a comprehensive program to meet their emotional, social, health, nutritional and psychological needs. The program was expanded in 1981 when Congress passed the Head Start Act. Head Start was reauthorized in December 2007.
Connections and Partnerships with Preschool Programming… Head Start grantees around the state collaborate with other quality programming such as Statewide Voluntary Preschool Programs for Four-Year-Old Children, Shared Visions Preschool Programs, Child Cares serving ages 0-5, and/or Private Preschool programming.
- Statewide Voluntary Preschool Program, Head Start Programs, and Shared Visions Map - A map showing preschool programs located in almost every Iowa county thanks to partnerships/collaborations.
Head Start Program Performance Standards (HSPPS)
Accountability: Head Start grantees that provide services to children and families must meet the HSPPS and the requirements set forth in the Head Start Act of 2007. The Office of Head Start also offers direction through Program Instructions and Information Memorandums. More guidance is available to grantees through their federal program specialist.
History: HSPPS were first published in 1975 and the most recent update was in 2016. The HSPPS reflect best practices and the latest research on early childhood development and brain science. They give grantees flexibility in achieving positive child and family outcomes, and encourage the use of data to track progress and reach goals in all program areas.
- Language and Literacy
- Program Performance Standards
- School Readiness - Head Start Early Learning Outcome Framework
- Training and Technical Assistance Centers
More Head Start Programs
- Early Head Start (birth to 3 years)
- Early Head Start-Child Care Partnerships (birth to 3 years)
- Head Start State Collaboration Office